• 电话:0531-81187299
  • 传真:0531-81187399
  • 手机:13864039017
  • 邮箱:gljia_gm@163.com
  • 地址:济南市高新区正丰路
    (济南赛信机械厂院内)
行业新闻当前位置:首页-行业新闻
    学会这几招,轻松解决修车苦恼
    2022-1-5 19:00:16

    对于很多的老司机来说,他们不光喜欢自己开车,同样也喜欢修车。但是,有句话叫做隔行如隔山,每个行业都有它自己的一些东西。就比如修车,其实看起来修车是件很简单的事情,但是也是需要很多的技巧而且其中还有很多的小窍门。

    For many old drivers, they not only like driving, but also like repairing. However, there is a saying that every industry has its own things. For example, repairing a car seems to be a very simple thing, but it also requires a lot of skills, and there are many tips.

    在掌握汽车维修知识之前,需要对汽车有一个详细的了解。汽车主要由车身,发动机,变速箱和底盘组成。

    Before mastering the knowledge of automobile maintenance, you need to have a detailed understanding of automobile. The automobile is mainly composed of body, engine, gearbox and chassis.

    车身分为车身框架和车身覆盖件。车身覆盖件包括前后杠,前翼子板,前机盖,后备箱盖,车门。由于车顶和后翼子板与车身框架之间采用焊接连接,所以车顶和后翼子板算是车身结构件。

    The body is divided into body frame and body panel. Body covering parts include front and rear bars, front fender, front hood, trunk cover and door. Since the roof and rear fender are welded to the body frame, the roof and rear fender are body structural parts.

    前置发动机前轮驱动汽车的发动机变速箱和前悬架都是固定在前副车架上的,前置发动机后驱动车辆的发动机和前悬架固定在前副车架上,后副车架固定了后差速器和后悬架。

    The engine gearbox and front suspension of the front engine front wheel drive vehicle are fixed on the front subframe, the engine and front suspension of the front engine rear drive vehicle are fixed on the front subframe, and the rear subframe is fixed with the rear differential and rear suspension.

    汽车的变速箱种类有很多,可分为:CVT变速箱,双离合变速箱,AMT变速箱,AT变速箱,手动变速箱等,每种变速箱的工作原理和容易出现的故障是不同的。

    There are many types of automobile gearbox, which can be divided into CVT gearbox, double clutch gearbox, AMT gearbox, at gearbox, manual gearbox, etc. the working principle and faults of each gearbox are different.

    汽车底盘的作用就是支撑、安装汽车发动机及其各部件、总成,成形汽车的整体造型,并接受发动机的动力,是汽车产生运动,保证其正常驾驶。就比如越野车的底盘都比较的高,都采用非承载车身,具有较强的抗冲击力和抗颠簸的性能。

    The function of the automobile chassis is to support and install the automobile engine and its components and assemblies, form the overall shape of the automobile, and accept the power of the engine. It is the movement of the automobile to ensure its normal driving. For example, the chassis of off-road vehicles is relatively high, and they all use non load-bearing bodies, which have strong impact resistance and bump resistance.

    生活中发生的汽车故障有很多,加美润滑油为大家整理了6种常见的故障表现其具体原因:

    There are many automobile faults in our life. Jiamei lubricating oil has sorted out six common fault manifestations for us, and the specific reasons are as follows:

    1、车身损坏。如锈蚀,凹陷,变形,脱焊,破裂等。锈蚀是由于漆膜损坏后,空气中的潮湿气及其它污染物引起的化学反应所致。车身凹陷、变形 、脱焊、破裂等是由机械损伤所致。

    1. Body damage. Such as corrosion, depression, deformation, desoldering, cracking, etc. Corrosion is caused by the chemical reaction caused by moisture and other pollutants in the air after the paint film is damaged. The depression, deformation, desoldering and fracture of the car body are caused by mechanical damage.

    13.JPG

    2、发动机不能启动或启动困难。出现这种情况多数都与主喷油器、冷起动喷油器、温控开关、ECU和控制电路工作不良,蓄电池亏电,点火器或脉冲发生器损坏等因素有关。

    2. The engine cannot be started or it is difficult to start. Most of these situations are related to poor operation of main fuel injector, cold start fuel injector, temperature control switch, ECU and control circuit, power loss of battery, damage of igniter or pulse generator and other factors.

    3、离合器打滑。在离合器踏板完全放松时,汽车起步或重载上坡乏力,汽车加速时车速不能随之提高,严重时离合器处出现冒烟和烧焦味。其实质是摩擦力不足,主要由于离合器压紧力降低或摩擦系数降低所致。

    3. Clutch slipping. When the clutch pedal is completely relaxed, the car starts or heavy load uphill is weak, and the speed cannot be increased when the car accelerates. In serious cases, smoke and burning smell appear at the clutch. Its essence is insufficient friction, which is mainly caused by the reduction of clutch pressing force or friction coefficient.

    4、手动变速器跳档。跳档多发生在中、高速负荷突变或车辆颠簸时。主要是运动件过度磨损或变形失效,造成啮合不正确,自锁失控,档位不能固定,发生跳档。

    4. Manual transmission shift out. Gear skipping often occurs when the medium and high-speed load changes suddenly or the vehicle is bumpy. It is mainly caused by excessive wear or deformation failure of moving parts, resulting in incorrect engagement, out of control self-locking, unable to fix gear and gear skipping.

    5、行驶中使用制动,汽车不能减速或停车。原因可能是制动管路漏油或,漏气,管路接头破裂或脱落,制动密封元件失效等。

    5. When the brake is used during driving, the car cannot slow down or stop. The reasons may be oil or gas leakage of the brake pipeline, rupture or falling off of the pipeline joint, failure of the brake sealing element, etc.

    6、轮胎异常磨损。可能是由于气压不足或过高,前束或车轮外倾角过大或过小,车轮不平衡,轮胎长期未换位或球头销过度磨损,使用驾驶不当等方面导致。

    6. Abnormal tire wear. It may be caused by insufficient or too high air pressure, too large or too small toe in or wheel camber, wheel imbalance, long-term non transposition of tires, excessive wear of ball pin, improper use and driving, etc.

    那么,汽车维修的同时需要注意哪些事项呢?

    So, what should we pay attention to while maintaining the car?

    1、正确使用汽修工具,避免损伤机件工作表面。若一定需要用锤子击打时,应垫以软金属冲棒或衬板,以防损伤零件或机体。

    1. Use auto repair tools correctly to avoid damaging the working surface of parts. If it is necessary to hit with a hammer, soft metal punch or lining plate shall be padded to prevent damage to parts or body.

    2、总成或零件拆解时,应做标记。汽车里面的零件非常的多,缺件时间长了很容易忘记怎么再安装,还有的零件有安装方向要求的,应记住原来的方向或坐上标记,以防装反。

    2. Mark the assembly or parts when disassembling. There are a lot of parts in the car. It's easy to forget how to install them after a long time of missing parts. If there are requirements for the installation direction of other parts, you should remember the original direction or sit on the mark to prevent reverse installation.

    3、零件清洗。清洗滚动轴承时,清洗液的温度不宜过高。像橡胶件、非金属摩擦片、铝合金和锌合金等类不能用碱性溶液清洗,以防锈蚀。

    3. Parts cleaning. When cleaning rolling bearings, the temperature of cleaning fluid should not be too high. Rubber parts, non-metallic friction plates, aluminum alloys and zinc alloys cannot be cleaned with alkaline solution to prevent rust.

    4、螺栓螺母的紧固。安装螺栓的长度应适当,按照正确的操作要求拧紧,以防松动或零件变形。

    4. Tightening of bolts and nuts. The length of mounting bolts shall be appropriate and tightened according to the correct operation requirements to prevent loosening or part deformation.

    5、连接件的拆卸。拆卸螺纹连接件时,应注意螺纹旋转的方向;对于多螺栓连接件,还应注意其拆卸顺序,以防螺栓被拧断。

    5. Removal of connectors. When disassembling threaded connectors, pay attention to the direction of thread rotation; For multi bolt connections, attention shall also be paid to the disassembly sequence to prevent the bolts from being broken.

    6、油封、衬垫的安装。需要注意衬垫的材料和厚度符合要求,以防松旷或密封不良

    6. Installation of oil seal and gasket. The material and thickness of the gasket shall meet the requirements to prevent looseness or poor sealing

    本文由济南欧宝汽车专修为您提供,我们的网站是:http://www.oubaoqx.com/我们将以全心全意的热为您提供服务,欢迎您的

    This article is provided by Jinan Opel auto specialty. Our website is: http://www.oubaoqx.com/ We will serve you wholeheartedly and welcome your visit