• 电话:0531-81187299
  • 传真:0531-81187399
  • 手机:13864039017
  • 邮箱:gljia_gm@163.com
  • 地址:济南市高新区正丰路
    (济南赛信机械厂院内)
行业新闻当前位置:首页-行业新闻
    汽车经常遇见的汽车常见故障解决
    2022-7-26 14:51:38

    今天为小伙伴们简单介绍的是汽车知识,修车小编相信每一辆车全部出过故障,但是车友们全部不太掌握那今天就给小伙伴们讲一下这个汽车经常遇见的汽车常见故障解决。

    Today, I will briefly introduce the car knowledge to my friends. The car repair team believes that every car has broken down, but the car owners are not familiar with it. Today, I will tell my friends about the solutions to the common faults of the car that I most often encounter.

    1.排气管冒黑烟

    1. The exhaust pipe emits black smoke

    故障判定:真故障。

    Fault determination: true fault.

    原因分析:表明混合气过浓,燃烧不完全。主要原因是汽车发动机超负荷,气缸压力不足,发动机温度过低,化油器调整不当,空气滤芯堵塞,个别气缸不工作及点火过迟等。

    Cause analysis: it shows that the mixture is too rich and the combustion is incomplete. The main reasons are that the automobile engine is overloaded, the cylinder pressure is insufficient, the engine temperature is too low, the carburetor is improperly adjusted, the air filter element is blocked, individual cylinders do not work and the ignition is too late.

    3.jpg

    解决:排除时,应及时检查阻风门是否完全打开,必要时进行检修;熄火后从化油器口看主喷管,若有油注出或滴油,则浮子室油面过高,应调整到规定范围,拧紧或更换主量孔;空气滤清器堵塞,应清洗.疏通或更换。

    Solution: when troubleshooting, check whether the choke is fully opened in time, and repair it if necessary; After flameout, look at the main nozzle from the carburetor port. If oil is injected or dripping, the oil level of the float chamber is too high. Adjust it to the specified range, tighten or replace the main measuring hole; The air filter is blocked and should be cleaned Dredge or replace.

    2.车辆的排气管排出蓝色的烟雾

    2. The exhaust pipe of the vehicle emits blue smoke

    故障判定:真故障。

    Fault determination: true fault.

    原因分析:是由于大量机油进入气缸,而又不能完全燃烧所致。拆下火花塞,即可发现严重的积炭现象。

    Cause analysis: it is caused by a large amount of engine oil entering the cylinder but not completely burning. Remove the spark plug, and serious carbon deposition can be found.

    解决:需检查机油尺油面是否过高;气缸与活塞间隙是否过大;活塞环是否装反;进气门导管是否磨损或密封圈是否损坏;气缸垫是否烧蚀等,必要时应予以修复。

    Solution: check whether the oil level of the oil dipstick is too high; Whether the clearance between cylinder and piston is too large; Whether the piston ring is installed reversely; Whether the intake valve guide is worn or whether the sealing ring is damaged; Whether the cylinder gasket is ablated, etc. it should be repaired if necessary.

    3.车辆排气管冒白烟,冷车时严重,热车后就不冒白烟了

    3. The exhaust pipe of the vehicle emits white smoke, which is serious when the vehicle is cold, and it will not emit white smoke after the vehicle is hot

    故障判定:假故障。

    Fault determination: false fault.

    原因分析:这是因为汽油中含有水分,而发动机过冷,此时进入气缸的燃油未完全燃烧导致雾点或水蒸气产生形成白烟。冬季或雨季当汽车初次发动时,常常可以看到排白烟。

    Cause analysis: This is because the gasoline contains water, and the engine is too cold. At this time, the fuel entering the cylinder is not completely burned, resulting in fog points or water vapor to form white smoke. In winter or rainy season, white smoke can often be seen when the car is first started.

    解决:这不要紧,一旦发动机温度升高,白烟就会消失。此状况不必检修。

    Solution: it doesn't matter. Once the engine temperature rises, the white smoke will disappear. This condition does not require maintenance.

    4.发动机噪声大,车辆原地踩加速踏板时,有“隆.隆”异响,发动机舱内有振动感。

    4. The engine is noisy. When the vehicle steps on the accelerator pedal in place, there is a "boom boom" abnormal sound, and there is vibration in the engine compartment.

    故障判定:使用类故障。

    Fault determination: use type fault.

    原因分析:举升车辆,可看到发动机的底护板有磕碰痕迹。如果路面有障碍物而强行通过,发动机底护板就要被磕碰。底护板变形后与发动机油底壳距离变近,如果距离太近,当加速时油底壳与底护板相撞就会发出异响并使车身振动。

    Cause analysis: when lifting the vehicle, you can see that there are bumps on the bottom guard of the engine. If there are obstacles on the road and you force through, the engine bottom guard will be knocked. The distance between the bottom guard plate and the engine oil pan becomes closer after deformation. If the distance is too close, when the oil pan collides with the bottom guard plate during acceleration, it will make abnormal noise and make the vehicle body vibrate.

    解决:行车中一定要仔细观察路面,不要造成拖底现象发生。处理方法:拆下底护板,压平校正即可。

    Solution: during driving, you must carefully observe the road surface to avoid dragging the bottom. Treatment method: remove the bottom guard plate and flatten it for correction.

    5.车辆的转向盘总是不正,一会向左,一会向右,飘忽不定

    5. The steering wheel of the vehicle is always out of alignment, sometimes left, sometimes right, erratic

    故障判定:真故障。

    Fault determination: true fault.

    原因分析:这是由于固定在转向机凹槽中的橡胶限位块已完全损坏导致。

    Cause analysis: This is because the rubber stop block fixed in the steering gear groove has been completely damaged.

    解决:将新限位块装复后,故障完全消失。

    Solution: after the new limit block is reinstalled, the fault disappears completely.

    6.每次开启空调时,其出风口有非常难闻的气味,天气潮湿时更加严重

    6. Every time the air conditioner is turned on, its air outlet has a very unpleasant smell, which is more serious in wet weather

    故障判定:维护类故障。

    Fault determination: maintenance fault.

    原因分析:空调的制冷原理是通过制冷剂迅速蒸发吸热,使流经的空气温度迅速下降。由于蒸发器的温度低,而空气温度高,空气中的水分子颗粒会在蒸发器上凝结成水珠,而空气中的灰尘或衣服.座椅上的小绒毛等物质,容易附着在冷凝器的表面,从而导致发霉,细菌会大量繁殖。

    Cause analysis: the refrigeration principle of air conditioning is to absorb heat through rapid evaporation of refrigerant, so that the temperature of the air flowing through decreases rapidly. Due to the low temperature of the evaporator and the high temperature of the air, the water molecules and particles in the air will condense into droplets on the evaporator, while the dust or clothes in the air The small fluff and other substances on the seat are easy to adhere to the surface of the condenser, resulting in mildew and a large number of bacteria.

    解决:这样的空气被人体长期吸入会影响驾驶员及乘车人的身体健康,所以空调系统要定期更换空调滤芯,清洁空气道。

    Solution: the long-term inhalation of such air by the human body will affect the health of drivers and passengers, so the air conditioning system should regularly replace the air conditioning filter element and clean the air duct.

    以上就是为大家介绍的有关济南欧宝汽车专修的详细的介绍,希望对您有所帮助.如果您有什么疑问的话,欢迎联系我们.我们将以专业的态度,为您提供服务http://www.oubaoqx.com/

    The above is a detailed introduction about Opel auto repair in Jinan. I hope it can help you. If you have any questions, please contact us. We will provide services for you with a professional attitude http://www.oubaoqx.com/