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    开车就要学会修车要学会自己找“故障”
    2022-8-11 14:59:29

    一、开车就要学会修车要学会自己找“故障”

    1、 When you drive, you should learn to repair the car. You should learn to find "faults" yourself

    汽车在使用过程中,难免要发生故障。对于经验丰富的老驾驶员来说,通常能“一步到位”找到问题所在。而大多数人面对故障常会束手无策。现在来学着自己找找故障吧。

    It is inevitable that the car will break down in the process of use. For experienced drivers, they can usually find the problem in one step. Most people are often at a loss in the face of failures. Now learn to find the fault by yourself.

    车辆故障可分为三部分:一是电路故障,二是油路故障,三是运行系统故障,如转向、制动、传动部分等。

    Vehicle fault can be divided into three parts: circuit fault, oil circuit fault and operating system fault, such as steering, braking and transmission.

    其中,电路故障又分为高压电路和低压电路故障。在实际使用中,车辆的故障约有60%是电路故障,30%在油路方面,这些故障大部分自己能排除。只有10%左右是行驶系统故障,这些故障属于机械故障,发生时车辆大多还能行驶,应就近去特约维修站修理。

    Among them, circuit faults are divided into high-voltage circuit faults and low-voltage circuit faults. In actual use, about 60% of the vehicle's faults are circuit faults, and 30% are oil circuit faults. Most of these faults can be eliminated by themselves. Only about 10% of the faults are driving system faults, which are mechanical faults. Most of the vehicles can still run when they occur, and they should be repaired at the nearest special maintenance station.

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    当你在行驶中发生故障时,一不要着急,二不忙动手,先看看有关故障指示灯的情况反映。静下心来,分析一下故障的现象,多问几个为什么?判断、区分油电路故障的方法有两个:一是行驶途中是突然熄火还是慢慢熄火,突然熄火大多为电路故障;而慢慢熄火,或者车辆不断发生“蹿动”现象,大多是油路故障。二是“试火”,如没有中央高压火、分缸火,则是电路故障,如有高压火,问题则在油路。而机械故障大多伴有不正常的声音,声音随车速快慢而变化,停车时声音消失,与油电路故障没有直接关系。

    When you have a fault while driving, first, don't worry. Second, don't be busy. First, check the situation of the fault indicator. Calm down, analyze the fault phenomenon, and ask more why? There are two methods to judge and distinguish the fault of oil circuit: first, whether the engine is suddenly shut down or slowly shut down during driving. The sudden shut down is mostly circuit fault; However, the slow shutdown or the continuous "jumping" of the vehicle is mostly due to oil circuit failure. The second is "fire test". If there is no central high-pressure fire or sub cylinder fire, it is a circuit fault. If there is a high-pressure fire, the problem is in the oil circuit. However, most mechanical faults are accompanied by abnormal sound. The sound changes with the speed of the vehicle. The sound disappears when parking, which is not directly related to the oil circuit fault.

    用“逐相否定”的方法,将“焦点”锁定在特定的位置,先找出它属于哪种故障,再检查外部是否异常。如导线是否开路或短路,连接部位是否松动,发动机内导线是否有烧焦味,油管是否漏油等。

    Use the method of "phase by phase negation" to lock the "focus" at a specific position, first find out what kind of fault it belongs to, and then check whether the external is abnormal. For example, whether the wire is open or short circuited, whether the connection part is loose, whether the wire in the engine has burnt smell, and whether the oil pipe leaks oil.

    值得提醒的是,现在的新车大多是“电喷”车,是电子控制燃烧,故障较少,与老的化油器车故障概率敲相反。需要记住的是,电喷车如电路发生故障,往往需要专用电脑检测仪检测,驾驶员切忌自己动手,以免破坏电路程序。

    It is worth reminding that most of the new cars now are "EFI" cars, which are electronically controlled combustion and have fewer failures, which is contrary to the failure probability of the old carburetor cars. It should be remembered that if the circuit of an EFI vehicle breaks down, it often needs a special computer detector for detection. The driver must not do it himself to avoid damaging the circuit program.

    以上就是为大家介绍的有关济南欧宝汽车专修的详细的介绍,希望对您有所帮助.如果您有什么疑问的话,欢迎联系我们.我们将以专业的态度,为您提供服http://www.oubaoqx.com/

    The above is the detailed introduction about Jinan Opel auto repair. I hope it will help you. If you have any questions, please contact us. We will provide services for you with a professional attitude http://www.oubaoqx.com/